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Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary, Ernakulam (Kerala), India Photo Gallery

Facts & Figure

Temperature Range : 36°C to 18°C
Best time to Visit : Mid January to Mid

About Mangalavanam Sanctuary

Mangalavanam mangroves is situated in the Ernakulam District of Kerala State. Bharath Petroleum Company borders the northern and eastern portion of the area, South by Emakulam Railway goods station, West by Salim Ali Road 16 and Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. This small mangrove area comprising of a shallow tidal lake in the centre with its edges covered with thick mangrove vegetation, the lake here is connected with backwaters by a canal. Mangalavanam gained importance because of the mangrove vegetation and also due to the congregation of communally breeding birds.

Mangalavanam is a popular bird sanctuary frequented by tourists, bird lovers, ornithologists as well as locals. It is located in the heart of the Eranakulam region of Kerala, adjoining the backwaters and the Arabian Sea. The area happens to a roosting place for exotic varieties of resident and migratory birds. Mangalavanam, infact, is a mangrove area consisting of a shallow lake in the middle, with its edges covered with thick mangrove vegetation.

The Bird Sanctuary of Mangalavanam plays a significant role in balancing the ecology of Kochi. The mangroves of the sanctuary keeps a check on the air pollution of the city, thus it is also called as the 'green lung of Kochi'. Mangalavanam bird Sanctuary is surrounded by the backwater and the sea.

Apart from these, it is considered a 'green lung' of Ernakularn City, which is polluted by many industries and motor vehicles. A timber yard was located in the area in the yester years, exporting timber to various countries.

At present, no such activity is being carried out. The guesthouse was renovated in the year 1986 and regular staff was appointed to protect the birds. Exotic species like Eucalyptus and teak was planted in the area in previous years. 41 species of birds were recorded in Mangalavanam mangroves representing 25 families.

The most common bird species found at Mangalavanarn were Little Cormorant and Black-crowned Night Heron. Highest species richness of birds was found in the months of May and July. House Crow is however the villain here, the main predator of the eggs and nestlings of other bird species.

Birds In Mangalavanam Bird Sanctuary

The sanctuary is home to a number of bird species. Both the residents and migratory birds are found in this sanctuary. The most common bird species found at sanctuary are Little Cormorant and Black-crowned Night Heron. Highest species richness of birds is found in the months of May and July. House Crow is however the villain here, the main predator of the eggs and nestlings of other bird species.
Access from Airport Access From Airport

Kochi is the nearest airport for Mangalavanam Sanctuary.

Access From Railways Access From Railways

Kochi is the nearest junction from Sanctuary.

Access by RoadwaysAccess From Roadways

You can take taxi, auto-rickshaw or bus to reach Eranakulam. The bird sanctuary is located behind the High Court building.
Follow the below given Travel Tips For Bird Warching

• Be sure you have a decent pair of binoculars and have adjusted and practiced using them.

• Always locate a bird first with your naked eye. The field of view through binoculars is much narrower, making it harder to search.

• Consider colors a bonus. Except under the best of conditions, it is hard to see feather colors accurately. Light reflection and shadows often distort, dull, or exaggerate colors. Consider other factors first. If conditions are good, consider color a bonus. Of course, there are species for which accurate color determination is essential for accurate identification.

• Size is helpful, but conditions can be misleading. A bird soaring overhead or flying by may seem much larger or smaller than reality. A reference object is helpful - a tree, fence post, telephone pole, etc.

• Observe the shape or profile of the bird. A long-bill, long legs, or tufted head immediately eliminates many possibilities.

• Habitat is always a useful consideration. In the midst of a coniferous forest you expect to see a different set of birds (avifauna) than you would on an ocean shore or in a city park.

• Note the behavior. Wading in shallow water, climbing a tree trunk, swimming, diving through the air, emerging from a mud nest, or sitting on a fence post, all narrow the choices down considerably. India Birding Tours, India Bird Watching.

• Songs and calls are excellent identification mechanisms and sometimes the only way to identify a bird because some species can only be distinguished in the field by their calls; and it is not uncommon to hear birds but not be able to find them. This takes a lot more practice than learning visual characters. I find it easiest to learn songs and calls if I am able to watch the bird singing or calling.

• Use a good field guide as they identify characteristics (field marks) most helpful to identification.

• Finally, my most important recommendation for the beginning birdwatcher: go out in the field with those folks who know the birds.
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